Reported Speech/Aktarma Cümlelerinde Yer Ve Zaman Zarfları Nasıl Değişir?

mlsgzmylmz

Yönetici
Yönetici
#1
Reported Speech yani aktarma cümlelerinde yer ve zaman zarfları çeşitli değişiklikler gösterir.

Örneğin:
  • "Çantayı buraya koydum." dedi annem.
  • Annem çantayı oraya koyduğunu söyledi.

  • "I put the bag here." said my mum.
  • My mum said she put the bag there."

(İngilizce aktarma cümleleri yaparken izlememiz gereken kurallar için buraya tıklayabilirsiniz.)

Şimdi sizinle bu yer ve zaman zarflarının değişimlerine göz atacağız.

1)HERE: Bura,buraya,burada
Here>There(ora)
  • "I usually shop here." said my mum. (Doğrudan cümle, here)
  • My mum said that she usually shopped there. (Dolaylı cümle, there.)

2)NOW/AT THE MOMENT: Şu an,şimdi
Now/At the moment> Then/ At that moment
  • "I'm shopping at the moment." said my mum. (Doğrudan cümle, at the moment.)
  • Mum said that she was shopping at that moment. (Aktarma cümlesi,at that moment.)

3)TOMORROW: Yarın
Tomorrow>The next/following day
  • "I'm going shopping tomorrow." said my mym .(Doğrudan cümle, tomorrow.)
  • My mum said she was going shopping the next day. (Aktarma cümlesi,the next day)

4)TONIGHT: Bu gece
Tonight>That night.
  • "I'm going to the cinema tonight." my mum said. (Doğrudan cümle,tonight.)
  • My mum said that the was going to the cinema that night. (Aktarma cümlesi,that night.)

5)NEXT WEEK/MONTH/YEAR: Gelecek hafta/ay/yıl
Next > The following
  • "I'm going shopping next week." my mum said. (Doğrudan cümle,next week.)
  • My mum said that she was going shopping the following week. (Aktarma cümlesi, the following week.)

6)YESTERDAY: Dün
Yesterday>The day before,the previous day
  • "I went shopping yesterday." my mum said. (Doğrudan cümle, yesterday.)
  • My mum said that she had gone shopping the day before. (Aktarma cümlesi, the day before.)

7)LAST WEEK/MONTH/YEAR: Geçen hafta/ay/sene
Last> The week/month/year before, the previous week/month/year
  • "I went shopping last week." my mum said. (Doğrudan cümle, last week.)
  • My mum said she went shopping the previous week. (Dolaylı cümle, the previous week.)
 
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